Technical Round Materials-Industrial Engineering and Management-Free Download
Industrial Engineering interview questions with answers :-
1.What is plant organization?
Organization can be termed as distributing functions of a business to
a qualified personnel to get the best output. Organization should be
built around functions rather than individuals. In the past and to a
large extent today, the majority of progressive concerns are organized
on a line-and-staff basis. There are two types of organization:
A line organization comprises those individuals, groups, and
supervising employees concerned directly with the productive operation
of the business. The paths of authority are clearly defined, as each
individual has but one superior from whom he or she obtains orders and
A staff organization involves personnel, departments, or activities that
assist the line supervisor in any advisory, service, coordination, or
control capacity. It should be noted that a staff position is a
full-time job and is essentially the work of a specialist.
2.What points should be kept in mind to build an effective organization?
Following principles should be kept in mind to build an effective organization:
- Clear separation of the various functions of the business should be
established to avoid overlap or conflict in the accomplishment of tasks
or in the issuance or reception of orders.
- Each managerial position should have a definite location within the organization, with a written job specification.
- There should be a clear distinction between line and staff operation and control.
- A clear understanding of the authority under each position should prevail.
- Selection of all personnel should be based on unbiased techniques.
- A recognized line of authority should prevail from the top of the
organization to the bottom, with an equally clear line of responsibility
from the bottom to the top.
3.Which two groups of management manages the control organization and what are their responsibilities?
The two groups of management control of organization is the responsibility of two groups of management:
- Administrative management: It has the responsibility for determining
policy and coordinating sales, finance, production, and distribution.
- Production management: It has the responsibility for executing the policies established by administration.
4.What is process analysis?
Process analysis is a procedure for studying all productive and
nonproductive operations for the purpose of optimizing cost, quality,
throughput time, and production output. These four criteria are not
mutually exclusive and they are not necessarily negatively correlated.
High quality with few if any rejects can result in high production
output with low throughput time and cost. All four of these criteria
need to be addressed if a facility is going to be a world competitor
producing a quality product. In applying process analysis to an existing
plant producing a product line, the procedure is first to acquire all
information related to the volume of the work that will be directed to
the process under study, namely, the expected volume of business, the
chance of repeat business, the life of the job, the chance for design
changes, and the labor content of the job. This will determine the time
and effort to be devoted toward improving the existing process or
planning a new process.
5.What are the requirements of a good organization?
Requirements of a good organization are mentioned below:
- responsibilities should be clearly defined and coupled with corresponding authority;
- a change in responsibility be made only after a definite understanding exists to that effect by all persons concerned;
- Definite orders to an employee should be from one source
- orders not be given to subordinates over the head of another executive;
- Any criticism made should be made privately and for the betterment of the employee
- promotions, wage changes, and disciplinary action always be approved
by the executive immediately superior to the one directly responsible;
6.What is process planning? Mention different type of processes.
Process planning consists of selecting the best process, which can be
used in the most advantageous way, selecting the specific tricks,
fixtures, etc. to be used, and specifying the locating points of the
special tools and the speeds, feeds, and depths of cut to be employed.
The two different types of processes are mentioned below:
Basic Processes The first processes used in the sequence that leads to the finished design.
Secondary Processes: operations that are required to transform the
general form created by the basic process to product specifications.
7.What is a plant layout?
For a good process to work smoothly, a proper layout is required. The
main purpose of a plant layout should be low handling cost and low
throughput time. There are two types of plant layout:
- Product or straight-line layouts: In this, minimization of flow from
one operation to next for any product class as machinery is located.
- Process, or functional, arrangements: It is the grouping of similar facilities.
8.What are the major disadvantages of product grouping?
The major disadvantages of product grouping are:
Employee discontent can easily be picked as a broad variety of occupations are represented in a small area.
The problem of finding competent supervisors is increased due to the variety of facilities and jobs to be supervised.
Initial investment is more as duplicate service lines such as air, water, gas, oil, and power lines are required.
9.What is total quality control? Mention the technical standards.
The main objective of total quality control is to provide defect free
products in 100 percent of the time to meet the complete needs of the
customer. It involves all the members in an organization who can affect
the quality of the output – a product or service. ISO 9000 is a world
standard for quality, it is a quality assurance management system, which
is divided into four divisions on the basis of its technical standards:
- ISO 9001 covers procedures from purchasing to service of the sold product.
- ISO 9002 targets towards standards related to processes and the assignment of subcontractors.
- ISO 9003 It is applied to final inspection and test.
- ISO 9004 It is applied to quality management systems.
10.What are the problems involved with queuing theory?
Matching of servers, which is provided to randomly arriving customers
or services, which takes random amount of time, are the problems
involved with Queuing theory. It is also known as waiting-line theory.
Typical type of problems involved is, people (or customers or parts)
arrive at a server (or machine) and wait in line (in a queue) until
service is rendered. There may be one or more servers.
11.What is a profit sharing plan?
It is a form of incentive in which each participating worker receives
a periodic bonus in addition to a regular pay only when the company
earns a profit. A minimum profit is usually set aside for a return on
invested capital, and beyond this amount, a percentage of profits goes
into a pool to be shared by the employees. To protect the workers
against adverse developments outside their control, some plans give the
workers a bonus whenever the actual payroll dollars are less than the
normal amount expected for a given volume of production.
12.What is the purpose of cost accounting?
The purposes of cost accounting require classifications of costs so that they are recognized:
- by the nature of the item (a natural classification)
- in their relation to the product
- with respect to the accounting period to which they apply
- in their tendency to vary with volume or activity
- in their relation to departments
- for control and analysis
- for planning and decision-making.
13.What are the various methods for calculating the cost?
There are two methods for calculating the cost:
Job-Order Cost Method: This method is used when orders are placed in
the factory for specific jobs or lots of product, which can be
identified through all manufacturing processes, a job cost system is
Process Cost Method: This product is used when production proceeds in a
continuous flow, when units of product are not separately identifiable,
and when there are no specific jobs or lots of product, a process cost
system is appropriate.
14.What is the purpose of departmental classification?
Departmental classification is required for:
- the segregation of different processes of production
- securing the smoothest possible flow of production
- establishing lines of responsibility for control over production and costs
15.What are the three managerial functions? Explain.
To achieve the objective three managerial functions should be kept in mind:
- Planning and setting objectives: It is a basic
function of the management process. Without planning, there is no need
to organize or control. However, planning must precede doing, and the
budget is the most important planning tool of an enterprise.
- Organizing: It is essentially the establishment of
the framework within which the required activities are to be performed,
together with a list of who should perform them. Creation of an
organization requires the establishment of organizational or functional
units generally known as departments, divisions, sections, floors,
- Controlling: is the process or procedure by which management ensures operative performance, which corresponds with plans.
16.What are the uses of time standards?
Various uses of time standards are:
- Wage incentive plans and plant layout
- Plant capacity studies and production planning and control
- Standard costs and budgetary control
- Cost reduction activities and product design
- Tool design and top-management controls
- Equipment selection and bidding for new business
- Machine loading and effective labor utilization
- Material-handling studies
17.What is Autofacturing?
Autofacturing is a production system that is comprised primarily of
automated equipment which is configured as several integrated
subsystems, using one common database and computer controls to make,
test and transport specifically designed products at high and uniform
quality levels meeting flexible specifications with a minimum of human
effort. There are many levels of autofacturing from individual cells,
all the way up to a complete and integrated system. Most situations are
somewhere in between, but progressing toward a total system.
18.What is psychomotor behavior?
Psychomotor behavior is the activity of receiving sensory input
signals and interpreting and physically responding to them. Humans can
receive inputs by vision, hearing, smell, and the cutaneous senses,
which respond to temperature, mechanical energy, or electrical energy.
Kinesthesis and the vestibular sense inform about location and position.
Vision followed by hearing are the most important senses for
transmitting signals carrying complex information for decisions and for
control of MMSs. Signals for warning or alerting need not be complex and
be transmitted by one or a combination of the sensory channels. The
choice is determined by the situation and the task being performed by
the person or persons to be warned rather than by differences in
modality reaction times.
19.What is the difference between productivity and productive system?
Productivity can be defined as the measure of the amount of input
required to produce a given output or it can be also be defined as the
ratio of output to input, whereas production system can be explained as a
system in which a few inputs are given to get the required output
through some transformation processes.
20.What is Industrial engineering? How important are statistics in industrial engineering?
Industrial Engineering is an engineering of design of production
systems. An Industrial Engineer analyzes and designs the whole system to
integrate the components of people, machines, and facilities to create
efficient and effective systems, which produce goods and beneficial
services to humanity. Statistics are important to analyze the problem
and controlling it for the good production.
21.What environmental controls?
Environmental Controls Systems and equipment required for air and
water pollution abatement generally carry increased fuel and maintenance
labor and materials costs. Reductions in plant output resulting from
the higher condensing pressures associated with cooling-tower
operation or the added auxiliary power for stack gas clean-up systems lower plant efficiency and increase fuel consumption.
22.On what bases time study methods can be calculated?
- Application of past experience. The time required to do the
operation in the past, either recorded or remembered, may be used as the
present standard or as a basis for estimating a standard for a similar
operation or the same operation being done under changed conditions.
- Direct observation and measurement. The operation may be observed
and its time recorded as it is actually performed and adjustments may be
made to allow for the estimated pace rate of the operator and for
- Synthetic techniques. A time standard for an actual or proposed
operation may be constructed from the sum of the times to perform its
several components. The times of the components are extracted from
standard charts, tables, graphs, and formulas in manuals or in computer
databases and totaled to arrive at the overall time for the entire
23.Why virtual corporation is used?
Virtual corporation is used to identify those combinations of
business and industry where technology is used to execute a wide array
of temporary alliances in order to grasp specific market opportunities.
With business becoming more complex and global, it is highly likely
there will be more partnerships emerging among companies and
24.How improvements can be made for designing the parts?
Improvements can be made by:
- simplifying the design through reduction of the number of parts,
- reducing the number of operations required to produce the design,
- reducing the length of travel in the manufacture of the design, and
- utilizing a better material in design.
25.How the costs of the products and throughput time can be reduced while handling materials?
It can be done by following below mentioned points:
- reduction of time spent in picking up material
- maximum use of mechanical handling equipment
- better use of existing handling facilities
- greater care in the handling of materials.
INDUSTRIAL Engineering Questions pdf free download :-
26. What is the power supply of 4 wire transmitter?
27. How to check DC Motor & SERVO Motor?
28. Difference between chopper and DBR?
29. What is the necessity of floating bearing?
30. Where is floating bearing located?
31. What is floating bearing?
32. Where is fixed bearing located?
33. What is fixed bearing?
34. How do you check pump impeller front clearance?
35. What is impeller front clearance of pump?
36. How do you adjust pump impeller clearance?
37. How do you check pump impeller back clearance?
38. Explain overhauling stops for back-pull our pumps?
39. What is impeller clearance?
40. What is mean pumps?
41. What is difference between a SCADA, DCS & HMI?
42. What is dc injection braking?
43. What is difference between an encoder & resolver?
44. Give comparison of three wire & two wire sensors.
45. What is the special feature of 5\3 electro pneumatic valve?
46. Why data registers are needed in PLC?
47. What is difference between NPN & PNP sensors?
48. How three wire proximity can be used in place of two wire proximity?
49. What’s the normal transformer current rating?
50. What is the G.S.T. rate of M.S. perforated sheet?
51. Can we resonance with triple bonds?
52. Can any One Help me to Know about Fire hydrant and its related water Pressures
53. Why in industries it is specified as .2 to 1 kg/cm2
54. What is preventive maintenance?
55. is there anybody who knows how to create a palindrome program without using string functions just conditional statements?
56. What is producer for anti-collision protection for DUMER 220Ton in minse?
57. How electronic energy meter works?
58. What is Industrial Engineering?
59. How capacitor bank can prove superior to synchronous condensers w.r.t. power factor correction?
60. What is the specification of transformer?
61. Why SCR cannoy be used as a bidirectional device?
62. What are the different ripple removing circuit? Which one is better and why?
63. Why should empty compressed gas cylinders stored in upright position please describe the cause?
64. Why SCR cannoy be used as a bidirectional device?
65. What is difference between Hazard & Risk?
66. What is vendor development? What is the logistics transport control?
67. What is APIPA in DHCP?
68. What is different between preventive maintenance and maintenance?
69. What is manufacturing audit & resource analysis for developing automated manufacturing techniques & storage system?
70. What is the difference b/w relay and contactor?
71. Why we use log files in QTP?
72. Which documents required for Q.A?
1. What is centre height in cnc lathe?
2. What is the formula for converting litre in to pale?
3. Why control valves are hunting on manual mode?
4. What kind of tools and materials are required to test water softening system of heating plant?
5. What kind of thread is the garbage collection?
6. How to calculate area of a bar when you are getting weight per mitre of a tmt bar for calculating ps of that bar?
7. reversing of each word in the string
8. Which is better cad/cam in mechanical or computer networking oriented
jobs like Linux administration or something else like php programming
which is demand of today?
9. What should be the material composition of transformer oil filtration machine to avoid metal contamination in filtered oil?
10. Why gold, petrol, diesel, gas prices are raising in India only?
11. Can we use common Electrical ground for both instrument and electrical. IF yes why
12. What is the current rating of both primary and secondary of 500KVA,33KV./4ooV.distribution transformer?
13. What is a scope resolution operator?
14. What is purpose to use relay after digital output module? Why normally we don’t use relay for digital input module?
15. What is alternator & engine general protection?
16. Why we give de-dusting steam in feed gas coils in convection section of primary reformer?
17. Why CNC machine installed in dustproof room?
18. What is v/f control, sensor less control and sensored control for AC VFD?
19. What is the full form of PISG?
20. Why the thermocouple is a transducer an RTD is not a transducer both taking heat as a input and give millivilt and ohms.
21. What causes little rust pockets to pop through or off concrete cylinder blocks (home)?
22. I want to know about a good liquid scrubber that we can use in acid washing.
23. How to calculate Reliability Factor and what is the formula?
24. What you know about ISO 9001? What is quality management system?
Weather QMS is suitable, adequate and effective or not? Is there any
Quality Policy? Is there any Quality Objective? If yes, then what are
they? How they are planning to achieve Quality objectives? Do they are
measure quality objectives?
25. Can we Use AC Servo Motor with Variable Frequency drive instead of
Servo Drive? OR with VFD, only simple induction motor can be connected?
VFD (Variable Frequency Drive)is having facility of Encoder Feedback.