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Software Testing Materials-Free Download



1. What is Exploratory Testing? 

Exploratory testing is a hands-on approach in which testers are involved in minimum planning and maximum test execution. The planning involves the creation of a test charter, a short declaration of the scope of a short (1 to 2 hour) time-boxed test effort, the objectives and possible approaches to be used. The test design and test execution activities are performed in parallel typically without formally documenting the test conditions, test cases or test scripts. This does not mean that other, more formal testing techniques will not be used. For example, the tester may decide to use boundary value analysis but will think through and test the most important boundary values without necessarily writing them down. Some notes will be written during the exploratory-testing session, so that a report can be produced afterwards. 

2. What is "use case testing"? 

In order to identify and execute the functional requirement of an application from start to finish "use case" is used and the techniques used to do this is known as "Use Case Testing" 

3. What is the difference between STLC (Software Testing Life Cycle) and SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) ? 

SDLC deals with developement/coding of the software while STLC deales with validation and verification of the software 

4. What is traceability matrix? 

The relationship between test cases and requirements is shown with the help of a document. This document is known as traceability matrix. 

5. What is Equivalence partitioning testing? 

Equivalence partitioning testing is a software testing technique which divides the application input test data into each partition at least once of equivalent data from which test cases can be derived. By this testing method it reduces the time required for software testing. 

6. What is white box testing and list the types of white box testing? 

White box testing technique involves selection of test cases based on an analysis of the internal structure (Code coverage, branches coverage, paths coverage, condition coverage etc.) of a component or system. It is also known as Code-Based testing or Structural testing. Different types of white box testing are 

1. Statement Coverage

2. Decision Coverage

7. In white box testing what do you verify? 

In white box testing following steps are verified. 

1. Verify the security holes in the code

2. Verify the incomplete or broken paths in the code

3. Verify the flow of structure according to the document specification

4. Verify the expected outputs

5. Verify all conditional loops in the code to check the complete functionality of the application

6. Verify the line by line coding and cover 100% testing

8. What is black box testing? What are the different black box testing techniques? 

Black box testing is the software testing method which is used to test the software without knowing the internal structure of code or program. This testing is usually done to check the functionality of an application. The different black box testing techniques are 

1. Equivalence Partitioning

2. Boundary value analysis

3. Cause effect graphing

9. What is the difference between static and dynamic testing? 

Static testing: During Static testing method, the code is not executed and it is performed using the software documentation. 

Dynamic testing: To perform this testing the code is required to be in an executable form. 

10. What is verification and validation?

Verification is a process of evaluating software at development phase and to decide whether the product of a given application satisfies the specified requirements. Validation is the process of evaluating software at the end of the development process and to check whether it meets the customer requirements. 

11. What are different test levels? 

There are four test levels 

1. Unit/component/program/module testing

2. Integration testing

3. System testing

4. Acceptance testing

12. What is Integration testing? 

Integration testing is a level of software testing process, where individual units of an application are combined and tested. It is usually performed after unit and functional testing. 

13. What are the tables in testplans? 

Test design, scope, test strategies , approach are various details that Test plan document consists of. 

1. Test case identifier

2. Scope

3. Features to be tested

4. Features not to be tested

5. Test strategy & Test approach

6. Test deliverables

7. Responsibilities

8. Staffing and training

9. Risk and Contingencies

14. What is the difference between UAT (User Acceptance Testing) and System testing? 

System Testing: System testing is finding defects when the system under goes testing as a whole, it is also known as end to end testing. In such type of testing, the application undergoes from beginning till the end. UAT: User Acceptance Testing (UAT) involves running a product through a series of specific tests which determines whether the product will meet the needs of its users. 

15. Mention the difference between Data Driven Testing and Retesting? 

Retesting: It is a process of checking bugs that are actioned by development team to verify that they are actually fixed. Data Driven Testing (DDT): In data driven testing process, application is tested with multiple test data. Application is tested with different set of values. 

16. What are the valuable steps to resolve issues while testing? 

• Record : Log and handle any problems which has happened

• Report: Report the issues to higher level manager

• Control: Define the issue management process

17. What is the difference between test scenarios, test cases and test script? 

Difference between test scenarios and test cases is that 

Test Scenarios: Test scenario is prepared before the actual testing starts, it includes plans for testing product, number of team members, environmental condition, making test cases, making test plans and all the features that are to be tested for the product. Test Cases: It is a document that contains the steps that has to be executed, it has been planned earlier. 

Test Script: It is written in a programming language and it's a short program used to test part of functionality of the software system. In other words a written set of steps that should be performed manually. 

18. What is Latent defect? 

Latent defect: This defect is an existing defect in the system which does not cause any failure as the exact set of conditions has never been met 

19. What are the two parameters which can be useful to know the quality of test execution? 

To know the quality of test execution we can use two parameters 

• Defect reject ratio

• Defect leakage ratio

20. What is the function of software testing tool "phantom"? 

Phantom is a freeware, and is used for windows GUI automation scripting language. It allows to take control of windows and functions automatically. It can simulate any combination of key strokes and mouse clicks as well as menus, lists and more.

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