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Technical Interview Materials PDF-Free Download





Technical Interview Q & A PDF





1. What do you mean by analysis and design?

Analysis:

Basically, it is the process of determining what needs to be done before how it should be done. In order to accomplish this, the developer refers the existing systems and documents. So, simply it is an art of discovery. 

Design:

It is the process of adopting/choosing the one among the many, which best accomplishes the users needs. So, simply, it is compromising mechanism. 

2. What are the steps involved in designing?

Before getting into the design the designer should go through the SRS prepared by the System Analyst.

The main tasks of design are Architectural Design and Detailed Design.

In Architectural Design we find what are the main modules in the problem domain.

In Detailed Design we find what should be done within each module.

3. What are the main underlying concepts of object orientation?

Objects, messages, class, inheritance and polymorphism are the main concepts of object orientation.

4. What do u meant by "SBI" of an object?

SBI stands for State, Behavior and Identity. Since every object has the above three.

State:

It is just a value to the attribute of an object at a particular time.

Behaviour:

It describes the actions and their reactions of that object.

Identity: 

An object has an identity that characterizes its own existence. The identity makes it possible to distinguish any object in an unambiguous way, and independently from its state. 

5. Differentiate persistent & non-persistent objects?

Persistent refers to an object's ability to transcend time or space. A persistent object stores/saves its state in a permanent storage system with out losing the information represented by the object. A non-persistent object is said to be transient or ephemeral. By default objects are considered as non-persistent. 

6. What do you meant by active and passive objects?

Active objects are one which instigate an interaction which owns a thread and they are responsible for handling control to other objects. In simple words it can be referred as client. Passive objects are one, which passively waits for the message to be processed. It waits for another object that requires its services. In simple words it can be referred as server. 

7. What is meant by software development method?

Software development method describes how to model and build software systems in a reliable and reproducible way. To put it simple, methods that are used to represent ones' thinking using graphical notations. 

8. What are models and meta models?

Model:

It is a complete description of something (i.e. system).

Meta model:

It describes the model elements, syntax and semantics of the notation that allows their manipulation. 

9. What do you meant by static and dynamic modeling?

Static modeling is used to specify structure of the objects that exist in the problem domain. These are expressed using class, object and USECASE diagrams. But Dynamic modeling refers representing the object interactions during runtime. It is represented by sequence, activity, collaboration and statechart diagrams. 

12. Differentiate Aggregation and containment?

Aggregation is the relationship between the whole and a part. We can add/subtract some properties in the part (slave) side. It won't affect the whole part. Best example is Car, which contains the wheels and some extra parts. Even though the parts are not there we can call it as car. But, in the case of containment the whole part is affected when the part within that got affected. The human body is an apt example for this relationship. When the whole body dies the parts (heart etc) are died. 

14. what is meant by "method-wars"?

Before 1994 there were different methodologies like Rumbaugh, Booch, Jacobson, Meyer etc who followed their own notations to model the systems. The developers were in a dilemma to choose the method which best accomplishes their needs. This particular span was called as "method-wars" 

15. Whether unified method and unified modeling language are same or different?

Unified method is convergence of the Rumbaugh and Booch.

Unified modeling lang. is the fusion of Rumbaugh, Booch and Jacobson as well as Betrand Meyer (whose contribution is "sequence diagram"). Its' the superset of all the methodologies. 

16. Who were the three famous amigos and what was their contribution to the object community? The Three amigos namely, 

James Rumbaugh (OMT): A veteran in analysis who came up with an idea about the objects and their Relationships (in particular Associations). 

Grady Booch: A veteran in design who came up with an idea about partitioning of systems into subsystems.

Source: Contents are provided by Technicalsymposium Google Group Members. 
Disclaimer: All the above contents are provided by technicalsymposium.com Google Group members. 
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